Founded on 18th November 1726 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. Located at 260 km from New Delhi it is also known as the capital city of India. I have been to Jaipur just once and the experience was mesmerizing, Vibrant and colorful. This describes the Pink City very well. The architecture of Jaipur has been very well planned according to Vaastu Shastra. The city is divided into Old and New City. The old city is mainly made out of red and pink sand stone and has places such as Hawa Mahal. This is why it is named the ‘Pink City’. So today I bring to you the best Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city
1. Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal or ‘Palace of Winds’ is a 15 m tall monument, one of the best Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city. The most interesting part is that it does not have any foundation. Since it’s part of the Pink City the monument is made out of red and pink sand stone. The façade depicts 953 niches. The niches are intricately carved jharokhas. It is a five-storey building.The Hawa Mahal was built for the women of royal household so that they could see the celebrations of festivals on the streets. Also, because of a large number of windows the palace has, it keeps the interior cooler in summer. The Palace of winds was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. The inspiration for him to make this monument was the crown of Lord Krishna.
2. The City Palace
The City Palace of Jaipur is an amazing Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city, the palace complex which was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur who was the head of Kachwaha Rajput clan. It includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. A part of Chandra Mahal is now a museum but most of the part still remains a royal residence. The palace is in the form of a grid which has courtyards, buildings and gardens. The City Palace was built initially by Sawai Jai Singh II, the then ruler of Amber, between 1729 and 1732. The most famous places to visit in the The Palace Complex are the City Palace Museum, the Mukut Mahal, Chandra Mahal, Maharani’s Palace, Mubarak Mahal and the Shri Govind Dev Temple.
3. Amer Fort
Amer Fort or Amber Fort is located at 11 km from Jaipur in Amer. It is located on a hill. It is one of the best tourist places in Jaipur. Amer Fort is famous for its extravagant gates, which are decorated with Meenakari, Diwan-i-Aam, ‘the House of Public Audience’, the Diwan- i- Khas, The House of Private Audience, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas. The Amer Palace was was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families. Near the entrance, a temple is dedicated to Sila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult.
Amer Palace is considered to be connected to Jaigarh Fort through a secret passage. The passage was used as an escape route during war times. Jaigarh Fort is located on the same Aravalli range of hills.
Amer Palace was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2013.
4. Jal Mahal
The Jal Mahal or the Water place is another must visit Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city located in the heart of the city in the middle of Man Sagar Palace. The Palace was built for the king and his queen and children to stay in summer when it got really hot. The Jal Mahal is a five-storey building. When the lake is filled to it’s full capacity, one floor is visible above the lake and four floors of the palace are submerged in water. The Palace also has a Chameli Bagh. I wonder how tranquilizing it would be to live in the Jal Mahal. Perks of being born in Royal family I guess! Anyway presently the Jal Mahal is closed and is under renovation. You can view it from a distance but not go inside. Jal Mahal is one of the best Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city
5. Nahargarh Fort
Nahargarh Fort, one of the best Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city, was originally named Sudarshangarh. The name was later changed to Nahargarh fort which translates to ‘abode of tigers’. According to a legend, Nahargarh Fort was named after a spirit named Nahar Singh Bhomia who haunted the place and obstructed the construction of the palace. Later, a temple was built in his memory and thus gave the name to fort. Nahargarh Fort is situated on the edge of Aravalli Hills. You can stand here and take a look at almost the whole of Jaipur. What a mesmerizing view, especially late in evenings when the lights are on.
The Nahargarh Fort was mainly built by Maharaja Sawai Singh II, who was the founder of Jaipur, in 1734. During 1857, Sawai Ram Singh moved the Europeans including the British Resident’s wife to Nahargarh Fort for their safety. Sawai Ram Singh extended the fort in 1868.
6. Jantar Mantar
A collection of 19 architectural astronautical instruments make Jantar Mantar, one of the best Tourist places to visit in Jaipur city. It was built by Sawai Jai Singh, the Rajput king in 1734. Jantar Mantar has the world’s largest working Sundial. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Jantar Mantar is located close to Hawa Mahal and City Palace. The design was based on the principles of ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts.The Jantar Mantar observatory is an example of Ptolemaic positional astronomy.
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